Knee replacement surgery restores the weight-bearing diseased knee joint. The intention is to remove pain and restore freedom. The best orthopedic surgeon caps the ends of the bones that form the knee joint with metal or plastic parts, or implants per prosthetic, shaped as a joint. This enables the knee to move correctly. In this article, we will explain to you what to expect during a knee replacement suggested by the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai.
Replacement knee surgery can help patients whose knee or knees have degenerated because of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis when an injury has ruined the knee.
It’s considered a routine process. Every year, over 600,000 knee replacement surgeries are carried out in India. Over 90 percent of patients experience a dramatic improvement in pain levels and freedom.
So long as the patient follows the directions of the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai for knee care, at 90 percent of cases, a replacement knee still works well after 15 years, also 80 to 85 percent of replacements last 20 years.
What is knee replacement and is it useful?
Knee replacement as explained by the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai is a sort of arthroplasty. Arthroplasty literally signifies “the surgical repair of a joint,” and it involves the surgical facelift and replacement of degenerated joints, using artificial body parts, or prosthetics.
When the articular cartilage of the knee becomes worn or damaged, it will become painful and the knee is difficult to move. Rather than sliding over each other, the bones crush together.
The best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai suggests that having a prosthesis, the patient will feel less pain, and the knee will move properly.
Why have knee replacement surgery?
There are three common reasons explained by the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai for the procedure:
Osteoarthritis: This kind of arthritis is age-related, due to the normal wear and tear of the knee joint. It largely affects patients aged over 5 decades, but younger folks might have it.
Osteoarthritis results from inflammation, breakdown, along with the gradual and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. To compensate, the bones frequently grow thicker, but this results in more friction and more pain.
Rheumatoid arthritis: Also known as inflammatory arthritis, the membrane across the knee joint to become thick and inflamed. Persistent inflammation damages the cartilage, causing soreness and stiffness.
Post-traumatic arthritis: This kind of arthritis is due to a serious knee injury. If the bones around the knee break or the ligaments split, this will impact the knee.
Who would need a knee replacement?
Knee surgery may be acceptable for patients who encounter:
- Severe knee stiffness or pain like walking, moving upstairs, getting in and out of cars, getting up from a chair
- Moderate but continuous knee pain that lasts while sleeping or resting
- Chronic knee inflammation
- Knee deformity, where There’s a noticeable arch on the inside or outside of the knee
- Depression, resulting from an inability to execute daily or social activities
If the other available treatment options haven’t worked, surgery may be the best option by the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai.
Types of knee replacement surgery
Knee replacement can be total or partial.
Total knee replacement (TKR): It’s by far the most common procedure. The surgery lasts between 1 and 3 hours. The individual will have less pain and better mobility, but there’ll be scar tissue, which may make it difficult to move and bend the knees.
Partial knee replacement (PKR): In PKR, less bone is removed, so the incision is smaller, but it doesn’t last as long as a total replacement. PKR is acceptable for those who have damage to just 1 portion of their knee. Post-operative rehab is more straightforward, there are less blood loss and a lower chance of infection and blood clots.
Organizing for Surgery
Knee arthroplasty involves major operations, so pre-operative prep, medical consultations, and physical tests usually begin a month before the set date of the operation. Preparatory and diagnostic tests will consist of assessing blood count, seeing the way the blood clots, carrying out electrocardiograms (ECGs), and urine tests.
Surgery is generally performed under general spinal or epidural anesthetic. Throughout the procedure, the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai will remove the damaged bone and cartilage, and then position the implant, made from metal, plastic, or both, to restore the alignment and function of the knee.
A patient who has knee replacement surgery will probably be hospitalized to get 1 to 3 days, based on how well they follow and react to rehab.
There will be a pain, but a day after the procedure medical team will motivate patients to wake up and try to walk about, usually with some sort of walking aid. It’s crucial to follow the directions for rehabilitation.
Physical therapy sessions intention to strengthen the knee. These might be debilitating, but they significantly lessen the risk of future complications.
Patients who do not have help at home might want to remain in the hospital for longer.
Recovery at home
According to the best orthopedic doctor in Mumbai, it can take around 3 weeks to recuperate completely from a knee replacement surgical procedure.
Patients can normally drive again following 4 to 6 months, and return to work after 6 to 8 weeks. Physical therapy may be supplied for 3 months. Patients must comply with the instructions given by the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai. The individual may be asked:
- To take iron supplements to aid wound healing and muscular power
- Not to bend and lift heavy things, at least to the first few weeks
- Not to remain standing for long periods, as the knees may swell
- To use crutches, a walking stick, or a walker before the knee is strong enough to shoot your body weight
- To carry out the recommended exercises to promote appropriate freedom
- To maintain the leg raised on a footstool when sitting
- To avoid soaking the wound until the scar Is Totally cured, Due to the risk of disease
Precautions must be taken to avoid a drop, as this may mean further surgery. Useful measures include:
- Ensuring there is a secure handrail and with a stable, nonslip bench or seat in the shower
- Where possible, sleeping downstairs
- Preventing any loose carpets and eliminating wrinkly mats around the home
- Removing or securing any trip hazards, such as loose cables
Most people can resume normal activities 6 weeks following the operation, but there may be some pain and swelling for up to 3 months, and scar tissues and muscles will still be healing for the next 2 decades. Items that might help at home include:
- A raised toilet seat
- A stick for picking things
- A long-handled shoehorn
Patients that have undergone knee replacement surgery can expect to participate in moderate and low-impact exercise activities, such as walking, swimming, and biking, but they should avoid extreme sports.
Alternatives to surgery
Based on how severe the damage is, a range of alternative procedures might be possible. However, knee replacement surgery tends to have better long-term outcomes.
Kneecap replacement may be done when just the kneecap is ruined. It’s a short surgical procedure using a speedy recovery period.
Mini-incision operation (MIS) involves a small cut in the front of the knee, through which technical tools are inserted into maneuver across the tissue. The procedure is not as detrimental to the joint, and the healing time is faster and less painful.
The image-guided operation employs computerized images and infrared beacons to carry out the surgery while the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai operates out of another, the operating theatre.
Arthroscopic washout and debridement involve the insertion of an arthroscope, a small telescope, through small incisions in the knee. The best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai washes the knee out with saline solution clears away small fragments of bone. This isn’t advisable for patients with acute arthritis.
Osteotomy is an open operation in which the bone is cut and re-aligned. After this, the patient will no longer endure their own body weight on a single part of the knee.
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) introduces fresh cartilage in the individual´s own cells into the damaged region. The cells are matured unnaturally in a test tube. This procedure is more common in cases of unintentional harm.
Learn more about knee replacement and the best Orthopedic doctor in Mumbai.